Java – Difference in behavior between unsigned and signed integers when integer overflow occurs

Difference in behavior between unsigned and signed integers when integer overflow occurs… here is a solution to the problem.

Difference in behavior between unsigned and signed integers when integer overflow occurs

Read this article on Wikipedia about Integer Overflow

I don’t quite understand why an overflow of a signed integer causes undefined behavior, while an overflow of an unsigned integer causes a loop. Why do they behave differently?

Another question: do general programming languages have any protections against integer overflow?

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